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J. Grist, E. Hansen, F. Zöllner and C. Lautsen.
Sodium (23Na) MRI of the Kidney: Experimental Protocol.
In: A. Pohlmann and T. Niendorf. Preclinical MRI of the Kidney: Methods and Protocols. Methods in Molecular Biology. Springer US, 2021, 28:473-480

J. Grist, E. Hansen, F. Zöllner and C. Laustsen.Sodium (23Na) MRI of the Kidney: Basic Concept.In: A. Pohlmann and T. Niendorf. Preclinical MRI of the Kidney: Methods and Protocols. Methods in Molecular Biology.  Springer US, 2021, 15:257-266

J. Grist, E. Hansen, F. Zöllner and C. Laustsen.
Analysis Protocol for Renal Sodium (23Na) MR Imaging.
In: A. Pohlmann and T. Niendorf. Preclinical MRI of the Kidney: Methods and Protocols. Methods in Molecular Biology.  Springer US, 2021, 41:689-696

P. Irrera, L. Consolino, W. Dastru, M. Pedersen, F. Zöllner and D. Longo.
Dynamic Contrast Enhanced (DCE) MRI-Derived Renal Perfusion and Filtration: Experimental Protocol.
In: A. Pohlmann and T. Niendorf. Preclinical MRI of the Kidney: Methods and Protocols. Methods in Molecular Biology. Springer US, 2021, 25:429-441

M. Pedersen, P. Irrera, W. Dastru, F. Zöllner, K. Bennett, S. Beeman, G. Bretthorst, J. Garbow and D. Longo.
Dynamic Contrast Enhancement (DCE) MRI–Derived Renal Perfusion and Filtration: Basic Concepts.
In: A. Pohlmann and T. Niendorf. Preclinical MRI of the Kidney: Methods and Protocols. Methods in Molecular Biology.  Springer US, 2021, 12:205-227

F. Zöllner, W. Dastru, P. Irrera, D. Longo, K. Bennett, S. Beeman, G. Bretthorst and J. Garbrow.
Analysis Protocol for Dynamic Contrast Enhanced (DCE) MRI 2of Renal Perfusion and Filtration.
In: A. Pohlmann and T. Niendorf. Preclinical MRI of the Kidney: Methods and Protocols. Methods in Molecular Biology.  Springer US, , 2021, 38:637-653


P. Irrera, L. Consolino, J. Cutrin, F. Zöllner and D. Longo.
Dual assessment of kidney perfusion and pH by exploiting a dynamic CEST-MRI approach in an acute kidney ischemia reperfusion injury murine model.
NMR Biomed, 2020, 33 (6):e4287

Hu R, Kleimaier D, Malzacher M, Hoesl MAU, Paschke NK, Schad LR. X-nuclei imaging: Current state, technical challenges, and future directions. J Magn Reson Imaging 2020;51(2):355-376

Kleimaier D, Goerke S, Nies C, Zaiss M, Kunz P, Bachert P, Ladd ME, Gottwald E, Schad LR. The cellular heat shock response monitored by chemical exchange saturation transfer MRI. Sci Rep 2020;10(1):11118

Kleimaier D, Schepkin V, Hu R, Schad LR. Protein conformational changes affect the sodium triple-quantum MR signal. NMR Biomed 2020;33(10):e4367

Kleimaier D, Schepkin V, Nies C, Gottwald E, Schad LR. Intracellular Sodium Changes in Cancer Cells Using a Microcavity Array-Based Bioreactor System and Sodium Triple-Quantum MR Signal. Processes 2020;8:1267


Hoesl MAU, Kleimaier D, Hu R, Malzacher M, Nies C, Gottwald E, Schad LR. Na Triple-quantum signal of in vitro human liver cells, liposomes, and nanoparticles: Cell viability assessment vs. separation of intra- and extracellular signal. J Magn Reson Imaging 2019;50(2):435-444

W. Neumann, T. Uhrig, M. Malzacher, V. Kossmann, L. Schad and F. Zöllner.
Risk assessment of copper containing contraceptives: The impact for women with implanted intrauterine devices during clinical MRI and CT examinations.
Eur Radiol, 2019, 29 (6):2812-2820


Malzacher M, Hu R, Chacon-Caldera J, Schad LR. Reducing signal‐to‐noise ratio
degradation due to coil coupling in a receiver array for 35Cl MRI at 9.4 T: A comparison of matching and decoupling strategies. Concepts Magn Reson Part B 2018;48B:e21383


Lohse C, Bock A, Maiellaro I, Hannawacker A, Schad LR, Lohse MJ, Bauer WR. Experimental and mathematical analysis of cAMP nanodomains. PLoS One 2017; 12(4):e0174856

Bertleff M, Domsch S, Laun FB, Kuder TA, Schad LR. 1D and 2D diffusion pore imaging on a preclinical MR system using adaptive rephasing: Feasibility and pulse sequence comparison. J Magn Reson 2017;278:39-50.

Chacon-Caldera J, Malzacher M, Schad LR. Partially orthogonal resonators for magnetic resonance imaging. Sci Rep 2017;7:4234.

Geraci S, Chacon-Caldera J, Cullen-McEwen L, Schad LR, Sticht C, Puelles VG, Bertram JF, Gretz N. Combining new tools to assess renal function and morphology: a holistic approach to study the effects of aging and a congenital nephron deficit. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 2017;313(3):F576-F584.

Grudzenski S, Baier S, Ebert A, Pullens P, Lemke A, Bieback K, Dijkhuizen RM, Schad LR, Alonso A, Hennerici MG, Fatar M. The effect of adipose tissue-derived stem cells in a middle cerebral artery occlusion stroke model depends on their engraftment rate. Stem Cell Res Ther 2017;8(1):96.

Marinescu M, Sun L, Fatar M, Neubauer A, Schad L, van Ryn J, Lehmann L, Veltkamp R. Cerebral Microbleeds in Murine Amyloid Angiopathy: Natural Course and Anticoagulant Effects. Stroke 2017;48(8):2248-2254.

Neubauer A, Nies C, Schepkin VD, Hu R, Malzacher M, Chacón-Caldera J, Thiele D, Gottwald E, Schad LR. Tracking protein function with sodium multi quantum spectroscopy in a 3D-tissue culture based on microcavity arrays. Sci Rep 2017;7(1):3943.

Schepkin VD, Neubauer A, Nagel AM, Budinger TF. Comparison of potassium and sodium binding in vivo and in agarose samples using TQTPPI pulse sequence. J Magn Reson 2017;277:162-168.

Zimmer F, Klotz S, Hoeger S, Yard BA, Krämer BK, Schad LR, Zöllner FG. Quantitative arterial spin labelling perfusion measurements in rat models of renal transplantation and acute kidney injury at 3T. Z Med Phys 2017;27(1):39-48.


Chacon-Caldera J, Geraci S, Krämer P, Cullen-McEwen L, Bertram JF, Gretz N, Schad LR. Fast glomerular quantification of whole ex vivo mouse kidneys using Magnetic Resonance Imaging at 9.4 Tesla. Z Med Phys 2016;26:54-62.

Kegel S, Chacon-Caldera J, Tsagogiorgas C, Theisinger B, Glatting G, Schad LR. 19F Oximetry with semifluorinated alkanes. Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol 2016;44(8):1861-1866.

Klotz S, Pallavi P, Tsagogiorgas C, Zimmer F, Zöllner FG, Binzen U, Greffrath W, Treede RD, Walter J, Harmsen MC, Krämer BK, Hafner M, Yard BA, Hoeger S. N-octanoyl dopamine treatment exerts renoprotective properties in acute kidney injury but not in renal allograft recipients. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2016;31(4):564-573.

Reuter B, Venus A, Grudzenski S, Heiler P, Schad L, Staufenbiel M, Hennerici MG, Fatar M. Statin Therapy and the Development of Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy-A Rodent in Vivo Approach. Int J Mol Sci 2016;17(1):126.

Reuter B, Venus A, Heiler P, Schad L, Ebert A, Hennerici MG, Grudzenski S, Fatar M. Statin Development of Cerebral Microbleeds in the APP23-Transgenic Mouse Model of Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy-A 9.4 Tesla MRI Study. Front Aging Neurosci 2016;8:170.

Tibiletti M, Kjørstad Å, Bianchi A, Schad LR, Stiller D, Rasche V. Multistage self-gated lung imaging in small rodents. Magn Reson Med 2016;75(6):2448-2454.

Wetterling F, Chatzikonstantinou E, Tritschler L, Meairs S, Fatar M, Schad LR, Ansar S. Investigating potentially salvageable penumbra tissue in an in vivo model of transient ischemic stroke using sodium, diffusion, and perfusion magnetic resonance imaging. BMC Neurosci 2016;17(1):82.

Zöllner FG, Konstandin S, Lommen J, Budjan J, Schoenberg SO, Schad LR, Haneder S. Quantitative sodium MRI of kidney. NMR Biomed 2016;29(2):197-205.


Bianchi A, Tibiletti M, Kjørstad Å, Birk G, Schad LR, Stierstorfer B, Rasche V, Stiller D. Three-dimensional accurate detection of lung emphysema in rats using ultra-short and zero echo time MRI. NMR Biomed 2015;28:1471-1479.

Bianchi A, Tibiletti M, Kjørstad Å, Birk G, Schad LR, Stierstorfer B, Stiller D, Rasche V. Functional Proton MRI in Emphysematous Rats. Invest Radiol 2015;50(12):812-820.


Baier S, Krämer P, Grudzenski S, Fatar M, Kirsch S, Schad LR. Chlorine and sodium chemi­cal shift imaging during acute stroke in a rat model at 9.4 Tesla. Magn Reson Mater Phy 2014;27(1):71-79.

Elabyad IA, Kalayciyan R, Shanbhag NC, Schad LR. First in vivo Potassium-39 (39K) MRI at 9.4 T using conventional copper radio frequency surface coil cooled to 77 K. IEEE Trans Biom Eng 2014;61(2):334-345.

Konstandin S and Nagel A. Measurement techniques for magnetic resonance imaging of fast relaxing nuclei. Magn Reson Mater Phy 2014;27(1):5-19.

Meßner NM, Zöllner FG, Kalayciyan R, Schad LR. Pre-clinical functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging part II: The heart. Z Med Phys 2014;24:307-322.

Reuter B, Grudzenski S, Chatzikonstantinou E, Meairs S, Ebert A, Heiler P, Schad LR, Staufenbiel M, Hennerici MG, Fatar M. Thrombolysis in experimental cerebral amyloid angiopathy and the risk of secondary intracerebral hemorrhage. Stroke 2014;45(8):2411-2416.

Sack M, Wetterling F, Sartorius A, Ende G, Weber-Fahr W. Signal-to-noise ratio of a mouse brain (13) C CryoProbe™ system in comparison with room temperature coils: spectroscopic phantom and in vivo results. NMR Biomed 2014;27(6):709-715.

Zöllner FG, Kalayciyan R, Chacon-Caldera J, Zimmer F, Schad LR. Pre-clinical functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging part I: The kidney. Z Med Phys 2014;24:286-306.


Gottwald E, Kleintschek T, Giselbrecht S, Truckenmüller R, Altmann B, Worgull M, Döpfert J, Schad L, Heilmann M. Characterization of a chip-based bioreactor for three-dimensional cell cultivation via Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Z Med Phys 2013;23:102-110.

Kalayciyan R, Wetterling F, Neudecker S, Haneder S, Gretz N, Schad LR. Bilateral kidney sodium-MRI: Enabling accurate quantification of renal sodium concentration through a two-element phased array system. J Magn Reson Imag 2013;38:564-572.

Kirsch S, Kreinest M, Reisig G, Schwarz MLR, Ströbel P, Schad LR. In vitro
mapping of 1H ultrashort T2* and T2 of porcine menisci. NMR Biomed

Zimmer F, Zöllner FG, Hoeger S, Klotz S, Tsagogiorgas C, Krämer BK, Schad LR. Quantita­tive Renal Perfusion measurements in a rat model of acute kidney injury at 3T: Testing inter- and intramethodical sig­nificance of ASL and DCE-MRI. PLoS One 2013;8(1):e53849.

Zöllner FG, Schock-Kusch D, Bäcker S, Neudecker S, Gretz N, Schad LR. Simultaneous meas­urement of kidney function by dynamic contrast enhanced MRI and FITC-sinistrin clear­ance in rats at 3 Tesla: Initial results. PLoS One 2013;8(11):e79992.


Burmeister HP, Bitter T, Heiler PM, Irintchev A, Fröber R, Dietzel M, Baltzer PA, Schad LR, Reichen­bach JR, Gudziol H, Guntinas-Lichius O, Kaiser WA. Imaging of lamination patterns of the adult human ol­factory bulb and tract: In vitro comparison of standard- and high-resolution 3T MRI, and MR microscopy at 9.4T. NeuroImage 2012;60:1662-1670.

Figueiredo G, Brockmann C, Boll H, Heilmann M, Schambach SJ, Fiebig T, Kramer M, Groden C, Brockmann A. Comparison of digital subtraction angiography, micro-computed to­mography angiography and magnetic resonance angiography in the assessment of the cere­brovascular system in live mice. Clin Neuroradiol 2012;22:21–28.

Heilmann M, Neudecker S, Wolf I, Gubhaju L, Sticht C, Schock-Kusch D, Kriz W, Bertram JF, Schad LR, Gretz N. Quantification of glomerular number and size distribution in normal rat kidneys using magnetic resonance imaging. Nephrol Dial Transplant 2012;27(1):100-107.

Kerl H, Boll H, Ramacher M, Heilmann M, Groden C, Kramer M, Umansky V, Brockmann A. Characterization and longitudinal monitoring of melanoma growth in ret-transgenic mice using a single-sequence MRI protocol. Exp Dermatol 2012;21(11):837-841.

Langhauser FL, Heiler PM, Grudzenski S, Lemke A, Alonso A, Schad LR, Hennerici MG, Meairs S, Fa­tar M. Thromboembolic stroke in C57BL/6 mice monitored by 9.4 T MRI using 1H cryo probe. Exp Transl Stroke Med 2012;4:18-24.

Wetterling F, Högler M, Molkenthin U, Junge S, Gallagher L, Macrae IM, Fagan AJ. The de­sign of a double-tuned two-port surface resonator and its application to in vivo Hydrogen- and Sodium-MRI. J Magn Reson 2012;217:10-18.

Wetterling F, Gallagher L, Macrae I, Junge S, Fagan A. Regional and temporal variations in tissue sodium concentration during the acute stroke phase. Mag Res Med 2012;67(3):740-749.

Wetterling F, Ansar S, Handwerker E. Sodium-23 magnetic resonance imaging during and after transient cerebral ischemia: multinuclear stroke protocols for double-tuned 23Na/1H reso­nator systems. Phys Med Biol 2012;57(21):6929-6946.