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Comparison of TSE, TGSE, and CPMG measurement techniques for MR polymer gel dosimetry

A. Bankamp and L. Schad

Magn Reson Imaging, 21 (8), pp.929-939

A radiation dose distribution that optimally conforms to the target volume is of major interest for stereotactic radiotherapy. For this purpose treatment plans have to be verified experimentally before transferring to the patient. The requirements regarding dose accuracy and spatial resolution can be fulfilled with tissue equivalent polymer gel dosimeters which offer the possibility to visualize 3D dose distributions. Herewith, dosimetry can be performed by the spin-spin relaxation rate R2 which varies with the absorbed dose. In this work, different MR measurement techniques were evaluated: The standard Carr-Purcell-Meiboom-Gill (CPMG) method, a modified Turbo-Spin-Echo (TSE) sequence, and a modified Turbo-Gradient-Spin-Echo (TGSE) sequence. Experiments were performed both with a homogeneous water phantom and an irradiated polymer gel. The results show that TGSE and especially TSE are suited well for MR polymer gel dosimetry: The acquisition time of both techniques can be reduced in comparison to CPMG by a factor of 5. The accuracy of dose determination for doses between 2 Gy and 13 Gy lies between 5.6\% and 2.0\% (TSE), 9.0\% and 3.2\% (TGSE), and 7.9\% and 2.7\% (CPMG). These investigations show that especially TSE can be handled as a substitute or at least an alternative to CPMG for the verification of treatment plans in stereotactic radiotherapy.

Contact: Dr. Frank Zöllner last modified: 06.11.2019
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