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Feasibility of quantitative MR-perfusion imaging to monitor treatment response after uterine artery embolization (UAE) in symptomatic uterus fibroids

M. Sadick, J. Richers, B. Tuschy, L. Schad, S. Schoenberg and F. Zöllner

Magn Reson Imaging, 59, pp.31-38

Introduction In 25% of women, symptomatic uterus myomas are diagnosed with clinical and functional impairment ranging from abdominal and pelvic pain to dys- and hypermenorrhea, dyspareunia, pollakiuria and infertility. Women undergoing a treatment increasingly prefer nowadays minimal invasive, uterus preserving therapies like uterine artery embolization (UAE) over surgical hysterectomy, nowadays. To emphasize the efficacy of UAE as a uterus preserving treatment with targeted therapy of myomas only, analysis of tissue perfusion pre and post embolization is required. The purpose of this study was to assess treatment response in UAE in females with symptomatic uterus myomas by quantitative magnetic resonance perfusion imaging. Methods Seven females scheduled for uterus myoma embolization underwent three MRI examinations (pre, post, follow-up) including morphological and dynamic contrast enhanced perfusion imaging at 3?T. To measure tumor volume, regions-of-interest covering the tumor and the uterus were drawn by two readers in consensus. Blood flow, blood volume, and mean transit time were calculated by a pixel-by-pixel deconvolution approach. Kruskal-Wallis/Friedman test was employed to test whether the group medians differ significantly with correction for multiple comparisons using Bonferroni method. Results Change of volume could be observed in all patients after embolization but was significantly different only between pre/post and follow-up time point. Measured differences in all perfusion parameters were significant between pre-intervention and post-intervention/follow-up in the myomas, no significant differences could be detected for the uterus tissue. Conclusions Our results demonstrate devascularization of symptomatic myomas which correlates with cessation of hypermenorrhea in all treated patients without affecting healthy uterus tissue. Supplementing UAE with perfusion imaging to monitor early treatment response is feasible and might provide valuable information for the follow-up of patients and contribute to providing confidence for the patients in treatment success.

Contact: Dr. Frank Zöllner last modified: 06.06.2019
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