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STEAM-sequence with multi-echo-readout for static magnetic resonance elastography

P. Siegler, J. Jenne, J. Boese, P. Huber and L. Schad

Z Med Phys, 17 (2), pp.118-126

In static magnetic resonance elastography, the elasticity of an object is determined by measuring the internal displacement between two compression states. To reduce signal loss during the long time delay between application of external deformation and the static compression state, a STEAM sequence with a long mixing time is used This results in long scan times. The aim of this work was the development of a STEAM sequence with a multi-echo-readout, which allows the reduction of scan time and number of necessary external deformations. This new sequence was compared to the standard STEAM sequence on an agarose gel phantom with a hard inclusion. In addition, the elasticity of thermal tissue lesions was investigated, which were induced using high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU). During a given measurement time, more acquisitions per image can be taken using the multi-echo-readout. As a result the signal-to-noise ratio is increased and errors in the data become clearly smaller. Drawbacks of. the new sequence are its higher signal loss due to T2-decay and its greater sensitivity against ghosting artefacts caused by k-space segmentation. During the investigation of the thermally-induced lesions, a clear contrast in elasticity between normal tissue and the treated region was observed. Taking advantage of the greater accuracy of the new STEAM sequence, it was shown, that this contrast is significantly larger than the one in conventional MR parameters.

Contact: Dr. Frank Zöllner last modified: 21.09.2020
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