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The pulmonary artery acceleration time determined with the MR-RACE-technique: comparison to pulmonary artery mean pressure in 12 patients

C. Wacker, L. Schad, U. Gehling, A. Gamroth, E. Müller, M. Knopp, V. Schulz and G. van Kaick

Magn Reson Imaging, 12 (1), pp.25-31

The goal of our study was to evaluate a rapid noninvasive MR technique for quantification of the pulmonary artery acceleration time (PAT) and other parameters of pulmonary hemodynamics and to correlate with pulmonary artery mean pressure (mPAP). The PAT known as "time-to-peak" out of Doppler echocardiographic measurements normally shows significant inverse correlation with mPAP. With the MR-RACE-Technique (RACE: Real time ACquisition and Evaluation of motion) blood velocity measurements can be obtained with a total acquisition time of a few seconds. The application of this technique to the pulmonary artery has not been reported before. Out of the RACE velocity wave form PAT can be obtained with a temporal resolution of about 15 ms. To explore the relationship between PAT and mPAP, right heart catheterization and MR-RACE measurements were performed in 12 patients with different pulmonary vascular abnormalities. Results of MR-RACE were compared with those of mPAP measured by right heart catheter and showed significant inverse correlation (r = -0.82, p = .0011, n = 12). The ability of MR-RACE to enable measurements of blood flow with profiles may be important for characterizing pulmonary and cardiovascular abnormalities.

Contact: Dr. Frank Zöllner last modified: 20.03.2019
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