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BOLD-MRI in ten patients with coronary artery disease: evidence for imaging of capillary recruitment in myocardium supplied by the stenotic artery

C. Wacker, M. Bock, A. Hartlep, W. Bauer, G. van Kaick, S. Pfleger, G. Ertl and L. Schad

Magn Reson Mater Phy, 8 (1), pp.48-54

Changes of myocardial oxygenation can be studied by measurements of the apparent transverse relaxation time T2*, which is correlated with the oxygenation state of hemoglobin. In this study, ten patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) underwent blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) T2* measurements using a segmented gradient echo pulse sequence with ten echoes. T2* measurements were performed in a single short-axis slice of the heart at rest and under pharmacological stress with dipyridamole (DIP), which increases myocardial blood flow. For comparison, all patients underwent X-ray angiography and stress-echocardiography within 4 days after the MR exam. In one patient, MR examination was repeated 10 weeks after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTA). In the differential T2* maps, expected ischemic areas of myocardium were identified in six patients. In these regions, T2+ values (30 +/- 8 ms) were significantly reduced when compared to the remaining myocardium (48 +/- 9 ms, P < 0.01). In four patients, the myocardial region of interest could not be assessed owing to severe susceptibility artifacts in the ischemic region. The success of the PTA treatment could be visualized from a more homogeneous DIP induced increase in T2* within the ischemic myocardium (from 26 +/- 1 to 29 +/- 1 ms before PTA versus 26 +/- 1 to 31 +/- 4 ms after PTA, P < 0.001).

Contact: Dr. Frank Zöllner last modified: 22.05.2019
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